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My Barton Ancestry

My Barton Ancestry:

Quite likely my Barton family descends from a David Barton, who, with his brother Abraham came to America from England in 1672.  Abraham settled first in Maryland, and subsequently in New England.  David settled on the James River, Virginia, and his descendants continued to live in northern Virginia.  The ancestors of the Keyes/Kees/Keys family were early settlers of Virginia of Revolutionary stock.  [However, this supposition is difficult regarding the dates of a Thomas Barton, who is undoubtedly my first known American ancestor . . . the search continues!  Hoping a Barton researcher happens upon this Aimless site!]


I. – THOMAS BARTON and Unknown Wife

II – THOMAS BARTON, JR. and wife, Grace (perhaps surname is Drummond)

III – THOMAS BARTON II and wife Mary Willoughby

IV. – DAVID BARTON and wife Ruth Oldham

V. – SUSAN BARTON and husband John Thrasher

VI. – DAVID THRASHER and wife Mary “Polly” Hughey

VII. – ELIZABETH SUSAN THRASHER and husband Robert W. Sammon

VIII. – ROBERT WALKER SAMMON, SR. and wife Maria de los Santos Leal

EVERYONE seems to have Texas connections.  In my Barton family is one CONWAY OLDHAM BARTON, son of Conway Oldham Barton, Sr. who was born in South Carolina and lived in Mississippi and Louisiana.

Conway Oldham Barton, Jr., son of Conway Oldham Barton, Sr., from North Carolina, and his wife, Martha Cox, from South Carolina, was born June 7, 1856 on his father’s plantation in Milam County, Texas, near Calvert, which consisted of three leagues of land with 157 slaves, He had three brothers: Lemuel, John Harold, and Frank, all of whom served in the Confederate States army.
Page 103 {neglected to note the source . . . shame on me . . .}
Said Conway Oldham Barton was educated in a private school at Port Sullivan, Texas Military Academy at Austin, and University of Virginia, 1876-77, taking a course in law, and began to practice at Cameron, Milam County, Texas, and married Mary Blanche Crow, who died in 1882, and had two daughters by her, Manda Galen, who married Felix E. Smith, and Ann Caroline, who died in 1924.
His second wife was Carrie Moshen of Buda, Illinois, whom he married at Las Animas, Colorado, on January 4, 1887. Six children came to this marriage: Raymond O., born at Granada, Colorado, August 22, 1889; Percy O., born Pauls Valley, Indian Territory, February 11, 1897, and the other four children died in infancy. Raymond O. graduated from West Point, and is now stationed with the rank of Colonel at Fort Benning, Georgia.
Conway Oldham Barton moved from Granada, Colorado, to Wellington, Collingsworth County, Texas, where he was elected and served a term as county judge in said county in 1892. In 1895 he came to Pauls Valley, Indian Territory, where he practiced law until the establishment of the United States Court at Ada in 1902, when he removed to Ada and continued the practice of law until his death. In 1910 he was appointed county judge of Pontotoc County to fill out an unexpired term. In the general election that year he was elected to said office and served that full term. He was mayor of Ada in 1906-08.
As a devoted husband and father, he was appreciated and so remembered.
—R. L. Williams

My Culwell/Caldwell Ancestry

Thomas Culwell died September 2, 1835 in Arkansas (perhaps Polk County).

The name has been spelled: Caldwell, Calwell, Cauldwell, Colwell, Coldwell, and Culwell.


In Goshen Cemetery there are many tombstones with the names Caldwell, Coldwell and Culwell.  despite the various spellings, they are all descendants of James Caldwell, born 1-10-1803 in Tennessee.  James came to Arkansas in 1834 from Alabama, with his wife Almedia Nixon, born 1-15-1809 in Alabama.

They brought with them six very small children and a niece, Rebecca Caldwell.  Rebecca married Jacob Oxford of Oxford Bend, near Goshen.  She has many descendants still in the county.)

He settled on a farm about two miles south of Goshen on Richland Creek.  James owned four slaves and was reputed to have kept his gold buried beneath a door step.  His seventh child, Elizabeth, born 4-5-1835, could remember going with him to a slave sale in Hindsville, Arkansas.  She could also remember hearing a negro woman crying at night, grieving for a child that she had been separated from.

The young mother, Almedia, gave birth to her 8th child, Hezekiah, on 12-4-1836.  She died two weeks later.

On May 25, 1837, James married Nancy Lamar, born 1-1-1812.  They had either nine or eleven children.  (Two listed in the family Bible may have been grandchildren.)

Very little personal history is known of most of these nineteen children.  The seventh child, Elizabeth, never married.  She lived to be 99 years old and some of her stories are still remembered.  At the beginning of the war James decided to remove his family from the dangers of the war and so packed up and went to Texas.  Elizabeth went to Benton County to stay with her sister, Martha Ann, who had married Edward Stringfield.  Later she decided to join the family and she and two other women, Dorcas Boyd and Kit Williams, started out on horseback.  They had many frightening experiences but arrived safely in Fannin County, Texas.  [See Flashback, January 1958]

In 1865 the Caldwells came home.  Allen Wood Caldwell, aged 17, was ill and died just as the wagon pulled into the yard.

Elizabeth, after her father’s death, lived with various relatives.  She spent two years in California and her last years with her niece and her niece’s husband, Ora and Lee Trammel.  She is buried in Goshen Cemetery under the headstone with “Aunt Liz” engraved on it.  Her death date is June 27, 1834.

Richard Jasper Newton Caldwell, the 13th child, had a granddaughter, Fern Culwell, who also never married.  She was a teacher and taught in many country schools in Washington County.

The third child, William, born December 27,1828 died March 26,1876.  He is the only one whose descendants lived here until recently.  He married three times.  His third wife, Nancy Combs, was the mother of Hezekiah “Joe” Culwell and Thomas Nixon “Nick” Culwell.

Nick’s son Lee lived in the Goshen area until his death a few years ago.

The sixth Caldwell child, Martha Ann, born Oct 9, 1833, married Edward Stringfield (b Oct 18,1 835).   Edward was in the Confederate Army for two years and was released to run the Sanders Mill on Richland Creek in Washington County, Arkansas.

Martha Ann’s fourth child, Phydella Almedia, born Oct 20, 1861, married Huston Scott (b Jan 25, 1853) in Decatur County, Iowa.  They lived in Benton County for a few years, were in Madison County in 1883, then owned a store in Goshen, Arkansas in 1885.  Phydella had eight children, two dying in infancy.  Huston died on February 14, 1891 of typhoid fever, leaving Phydella with five children and another one on the way.  She raised them at Mayfield, Arkansas.  Her humble home was a warm and loving place for all her grandchildren to visit.

Phydella’s seventh child, Fannie Rachel (b Nov 22, 1889) married Benjamin H. Mayes (b Sep 3, 1890).  They lived their lives in the Mountain Home Community, northwest of Goshen.  They raised two children: Kendal and Mayme.  Kendal lived most of his life on the Mayes homeplace.  Mayme married Joseph Clint Ferguson and they live near Goshen.